Memorial Day

tomboftheunknownsoldier

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Arlington National Cemetery

After the Civil War, various towns in both the North and the South began to decorate soldiers’ graves with flowers and flags.  These observances came to be known as Decoration Day.  The first time this day was formally recognized was May 30, 1868 when Maj. Gen. John A. Logan, a member of an organization of former Union veterans, proclaimed a day to honor the dead.  It is believed May 30 was chosen because flowers were in bloom all over the country.

It was another former Civil War general and later the twentieth President of the United States,  James Garfield who gave a speech at Arlington National Cemetery that day.  “We do not know one promise these men made, one pledge they gave, one word they spoke; but we do know they summed up and perfected, by one supreme act, the highest virtues of men and citizens.  For love of country they accepted death, and thus resolved all doubts, and made immortal their patriotism and their virtue.”

By 1873, New York became the first state to make Memorial Day, as it slowly began to be called, a legal holiday.  Other states would follow suit.  It wasn’t until after World War I ended in 1918 that the day changed from one honoring Civil War dead to one that honored those killed in all American wars.  In 1971, Congress established Memorial Day as a national holiday and declared it would fall on the last Monday in May.

Today, on the Thursday before Memorial Day a tradition known as “Flags-in” takes place at Arlington National Cemetery.  Each year, soldiers of the Army’s 3rd Infantry (Old Guard) place small flags before the more than 260,000 gravestones and then patrol twenty-four hours a day to ensure the flags remain standing throughout the weekend.  The president or vice-president traditionally lays a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on Memorial Day itself.

arlingtoncemetery

Many Americans may not realize, but according to the U.S. flag code American flags should be flown at half-staff until noon on Memorial Day and then raised to the top of the pole. Americans are asked to pause at 3:00 pm local time for a moment of remembrance.

Estimated number of military deaths through combat and other causes such as accidents and disease in American wars:

Revolutionary War (1775 -1783) – 25,000

War of 1812 (1812 – 1815) – 20,000

Mexican War (1846 – 1848) – 13,300

Civil War (1861 – 1865, both sides) – 620,000

Spanish-American War (1898) – 2,500

World War I (1917 – 1918) – 116,000

World War II (1941 – 1945) – 405,400

Korean War (1950 – 1953) – 36,600

Vietnam War (1964 – 1973) – 58,200

Persian Gulf War (1990 – 1991) – 380

Afghanistan (2001 – Present) – 2,320

Iraq War (2003 – 2011) – 4,423

2 thoughts on “Memorial Day

  1. Josh

    So if we are to have flags at half mast until noon and then raise them, how come I have never seen anyone in our government do this before? It would seem to me that if that is what is called for, then it should be done. That is not to start a debate on government doing what it should and why it doesnt. . . but for our flag and raising it at noon, seems rather simple.

    Reply
    1. 1776history Post author

      I do not know how many government buildings follow the flag raising at noon. Many government officials might not know about this. This comes from the U.S. Flag Code which is a series of recommendations about proper flag etiquette. These recommendations are not law.

      Reply

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